la harb wa la hirābah:
Neither War Nor Terrorism:
The Islamic Response to Terrorism and War
Concerning the occupation of Iraq, 2003, 2004 -
The war on and occupation of Iraq was wrong, illegal; against Islamic law as well as against international law,
Concerning the war of aggression on Iraq, March 2003
as lawless an endevour as were the attacks on Afghanistan and negative for international relations between the US and the Muslim World.
It has been said that Iraq has had not months but 12 years in which to disarm, and that the US-government's patience is exhausted. Yet it is over 30 years since resolution 242 called on Israel to withdraw from the occupied territories.
Some articles after the terrorist attacks on New York, Sept. 11, 2001
It has also been said that the terrorist attacks on New York cost the lives of over 3000 people. But how many thousands of innocent people died in the Iraqi war? Had they ever voted freely for this dictator - munafiq which they had to put up with for 30 or so years?
What really happened on this day of crime, Allah knows best, there was certainly more to it, than has been told so far!
( New evidence makes you pose some questions!
Could it be that the US-administration in its pursuit of securing future oil supplies - used the terrorist attacks on New York as a pretext and excuse for expanding into (Muslim-) Asia?!
• "USA and the West have a certain responsibility to have laid ground for radical Islamic movements in the 80-ies and early 90-ies, when the US encouraged fanatical Muslim leaders to recruit Muslims from all over the world and take them to trainingcamps in Pakistan and Afghanistan, in order to fight against the Soviet occupation." Scott Baldauf in Afghanistan-Nytt 2/01
• Concerning Sept. 11, 2001, Iran's Khatami said that those who commit violence in the name of any religion commit two crimes – one against humanity, and one against religions "based on faith and love." (Sep. 2006)
The bombing of Afghanistan
was wrong, other - diplomatical, economical and political - measures should have been taken to bring suspected terrorists to justice at an international court of justice! An independent Islamic country was brutally attacked, irrespective if we agree with their policies or not, whereas proofs for their involvement in the attacks of 9/11 were never presented! Many innocent people were killed.
Two wrongs don't make one right. The best 'self-defense' for the US and the West is to alleviate the plight of the poor in the Third World, to amend great injustices and to stop supporting undemocratical, tyrannical regimes around the world and to stop supplying them with high-technological weapons.
Concerning the Zi on-ist state of I s rael we have to ask if
nothing substantive is ever demanded of Israel,
can it go on doing what it has without a thought for the consequences?
It is high time to conclude the unjust Western support for the Zi on-ist state, a support which irrespective of their policies of occupation.
It is to give the Third World countries trade access to Western markets and to help to develop their own economical potential, instead of keeping them in the straightjacket of the interest-devouring IMF and World Bank.
Eroding rights is not going to get rid of terrorism!
The positions of our peace-making sunnah (, ) are crystal-clear, even if the enemies of Islam like to distort its message and practice.
[no torture: ] [self-defense: ] [ aggression not to be justified: ]
What complicates things is the fact that while traditional Islamic teaching is deficient in many countries, where modernist ideas are being introduced , however humiliation and repression of Muslims seem to be the order of the day.
Also have extremist teachings in the Islamic community been rampant for some time, with devastating consequences. < more >
But this does not change the pre-eminence and
validity of the divine law (of divine mercy < more
and that actions are by intentions
and not every self-styled fighter for Allah does enter paradise
and note also the saying of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ
"Both legal and illegal things are
evident, but in between them there are doubtful (suspicious) things and
most of the people have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves
himself from these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor..."
From Islamic sources
xL =broken link 2020-10-03: http://www.cair.com/html/911statements.html; Muslim Condemnations Of The September 11 Attacks
Included in this document are a few interviews and articles written by Muslim scholars refuting Bin Laden's theology and use of religion to justify attacks on innocent civilians. The purpose of including these articles is to show that Muslims went beyond just condemning the attacks, they also took and continue to take active steps to combat extremism and the exploitation of religion for violent political purposes.Making the World Safe for Terrorism
Nuh Ha Mim Keller - Sunday 30 September:
If in the last fifty years world governments like the United States and Britain have somehow convinced themselves that it is morally acceptable to kill, starve, and maim civilians of other countries in order to persuade their governments to do something, it would be surprising if this conviction did not somehow percolate [drip] down to the dispossessed, the hopeless, the aggrieved, and the powerless of every religion and ethnic group in the world. It looks as if it has.
... They [the attackers] are desperate people. What has made them so is not lunacy, or religion, but the perception that there is no effective legal recourse to stop crimes against the civilian peoples they identify with.
www.islamdenouncesterrorism.com - The Pacifism of Islam, x L 20120705
According to the Koran, war represents an "unwanted obligation" which has to be absolutely carried out with strict observance of particular humane and moral values and resorted only when it is inevitable.
A Time for Introspection
Shaykh Hamza Yusuf:
They are invariably people who have never taken a true spiritual path to God and ... they have no true knowledge of Arabian culture, which is centred in the idea of futuwwa
; a word akin to the western word chivalry. <more
Interview of Imam Hamza Yusuf
The Mercury News, 2001-09-15
"In Islam, the only wars that are permitted are between armies and they should engage on battlefields and engage nobly. The Prophet Muhammad said, "Do not kill women or children or non-combatants ... < x avail.
members.telering.at - The hijackers were not Muslims after all, x L 20120705
As New York turns its gap-toothed face to the sky, wondering if the worst is yet to come, Muslims, largely unheeded by the wider world, are counting the cost of the suicide bombings.
[Yusuf Islam] Press Release 17th September 2001
Along with the majority of the world's Muslim opinion, I feel it a duty to make clear that such orchestrated acts of carnage as these have nothing to do with Islam ... The Qur'an ... specifically declares, "If anyone murders an (innocent) person ... it will be as if he has murdered the whole of humanity. And if anyone saves a person it will be as if he has saved the whole of humanity." www.mountainoflight.co.uk, x L 20120705
Terrorism Is at Odds With Islamic Tradition
KHALED ABOU EL FADL, LA TIMES, 2001-08-22
Classical Muslim jurists ... were uncompromisingly harsh toward rebels who used what the jurists described as stealth attacks and, as a result, spread terror. Muslim jurists considered terrorist attacks against unsuspecting and defenseless victims as heinous and immoral crimes, and treated the perpetrators as the worst type of criminals.
My fatwa on the fanatics
The magnitude of the terrorist attack on America has forced Muslims to take a critical look at themselves. Why have we repeatedly turned a blind eye to the evil within our societies? Why have we allowed the sacred terms of Islam, such as fatwa and jihad, to be hijacked by obscurantist, fanatic extremists? <more
www.latimes.com - What Became of Tolerance in Islam?, x L 20120705
KHALED ABOU EL FADL; LATimes, September 14, 2001
The problem, however, is that Muslims themselves responded to the challenge
of modernity by stereotyping and then completely ignoring their own
tradition. It is not surprising that some extremists have taken this
tendency to its logical and heinous extreme.
www.latimes.com- Extremists Put Own Twist on Islamic Faith, x L 20120705
TERESA WATANABE; LATimes, September 24, 2001
Their common justification is that Islam is so endangered that the war to
save it must be won by any means. Only after that, these radicals suggest,
can Islamic ideals of mercy and justice be applied, Abou El Fadl said.
Texts by Robert Fisk
Some of Robert Fisk's articles
from 12th Sept. 2001 to 12th June 2002, at The Independent
, x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=304347"> Mr Bush's titanic war on terror will eventually sink beneath the waves
Independent, 12 June 2002
Meantime, all the men who claim to be fighting terror are using this
lunatic "war" simply for their own purposes
... not be allowed to do what any crime-fighting
organisation does to ensures success - to search for a motive for the
crime. They are not going to be allowed to ask the "why" question.
Only the "who" and "how". < x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=304347">more >
Robert Fisk: , x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=292865">There is a solution to this filthy war - foreign occupation
Independent, 08 May 2002
And I think that, in time, we will close down the Middle East war. With Russian and EU and UN support, there will, eventually, be American and Nato troops in Jerusalem. There will be a Western protection force in the West Bank and Gaza - and in Israel. The Israeli and Palestinian armies will have to return to barracks. Jerusalem will be an international city. The Palestinians will have security. So will the Israelis...
Yes, it will be a form of international colonialism. Yes, it will mean foreign occupation for both sides. But it will put an end to this filthy war. < x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=292865">more >
, x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=111839">Bin Laden: 'We are at the start of our military action on America'
Independent, 28 December 2001
The first time I met Osama bin Laden inside Afghanistan, it was a hot, humid night in the summer of 1996.
"This big mistake by the Saudi regime of inviting the American troops revealed their deception. They had given their support to nations that were fighting against Muslims."
"I believe that sooner or later the Americans will leave Saudi Arabia ..."
He also told me that "swift and light forces working in complete secrecy" would be needed to oust America from Saudi Arabia. < x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=111839">more >
Robert Fisk: , x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=111323">Brace yourself for Part Two of the War for Civilisation
Independent, 22 December 2001
'The US air strikes have now killed more Afghans than the hijackers killed westerners and others'
Fortunately for us, the civilian victims of America's B52s will remain unknown in their newly dug graves. Even before the war ended, around 3,700 of them - not counting Mullah Omar's and bin Laden's gunmen - had been ripped to pieces in our War for Civilisation.< x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=111323">more >
Robert Fisk: , x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=100459">A defiant sermon in the town of the infidel killer
Independent, 20 October 2001 - in Ghaziabad, North West Frontier Province
I stopped the car and walked over the bridge and approached the Afghan imam - white-turbaned, with intelligent eyes, a well-combed black beard, and a deep black scar above his left eye. < x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=100459">more >
Robert Fisk: , x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=99062">Egypt is a nation caught between Islam and the West
Independent, 12 October 2001
Why did the British allow Egyptian Islamists to encourage fellow Arabs to overthrow the democratically elected government of the Arab world's largest country? < x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=99062">more >
Robert Fisk: , x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=96089">Saudis turn their backs on the Taliban, a monster they helped create
26 September 2001
Prince Turki had first promoted the Wahhabi Sunni Muslim Taliban - reared in the ignorance of the Afghan refugee camps in Pakistan - as adherents to the al-Saud family sect and a counter-balance to the Shia Muslim Hazara tribe of Afghanistan, which was supported by Iran. < x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=96089">more >
Robert Fisk: , x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=95825">This is not a war on terror. It's a fight against America's enemies
25 September 2001
The Arabs, of course, would also like an end to world terror. But they would like to include a few other names on the list. Palestinians would like to see Mr Sharon picked up for the Sabra and Chatila massacre, a terrorist slaughter carried out by Israel's Lebanese allies - who were trained by the Israeli army - in 1982. < x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=95487">more >
Robert Fisk: , x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=95878">It suits Bin Laden if we call him the head of World Terror Inc
25 September 2001
The discovery that Arabs accused of bombings or murders fought in Afghanistan has been regarded as proof that they work for Mr bin Laden. But most of the thousands of foreigners who made their pilgrimage to Afghanistan to fight the Russians were encouraged to do so by the CIA, not Mr bin Laden. < x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=95878">more >
Robert Fisk: , x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=95487">How can the US bomb this tragic people?
23 September 2001
We are witnessing this weekend one of the most epic events since the Second
World War, certainly since Vietnam. < x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=95487">more >
Robert Fisk: , x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=94125">Osama bin Laden: The godfather of terror?
15 September 2001
The first time I met Osama bin Laden inside Afghanistan it was a hot, humid night
in the summer of 1996. Huge insects flew through the night air, settling like burrs
on his Saudi robes and on the clothes of his armed followers. < x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=94125">more >
Texts by John Pilger
Robert Fisk: , x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=93798">They can run and they can hide. Suicide bombers are here to stay
13 September 2001
Not long before the Second World War, Stanley Baldwin, who was Britain's Prime
Minister, warned that "the bomber will always get through". < x L 20120705: www.independent.co.uk/story.jsp?story=93798">more >
Texts from Islamic sources (Swedish / svenska)
John Pilger: The real story behind America's war
17 Dec 2001
It is time we recognised that the real terrorism is poverty, which kills thousands of people every day, and the source of their suffering, and that of innocent people in dusty villages, is directly related. , x L 20120705
www.bouti.com/ulamaa/bouti/bouti_swedish.htm - Sheikh Ramadan Saeed al-Buti: Islams ståndpunkt angående de nyligen inträffade kriminella handlingarna i Amerika, x L 20120705
Excerpts of documents
Fredagskhutba i Damascus 2001-09-14
Men det finns en möjlighet att de var agenter, i så fall utan tveken, från orättfärdiga länder, som har tagit på sej Islams mask och därefter utfört handlingar som ingen människa någonsin skulle ha förståelse för. Detta händer just nu i Algeriet och kanske även i andra områden. Detta är mycket möjligt.
Bin Laden Calls Anew for Attacks
dailynews.yahoo / AP, Thursday December 27
"It is important to concentrate on the destruction of the American economy, so the United States will be too busy to bother with Islamic fighters."
"Our terrorism is against America. Our terrorism is a blessed terrorism to prevent the unjust person from committing injustice and to stop American support for Israel, which kills our sons," bin Laden said.
He said it was "inconceivable" that his followers would "go after innocent civilians."
Those who carried out the attacks on New York and Washington were "just 19 high school students - may God accept them as martyrs - who shook America, struck the American economy in the heart and hit the biggest military force at its heart with God's help," he said.
< more >
Bin Laden's statement: (October 7, 2001)
I bear witness that there is no God but Allah and that Mohammed is his messenger. There is America, hit by God in one of its softest spots. Its greatest buildings were destroyed, thank God for that.
There is America, full of fear from its north to its south, from its west to its east. Thank God for that. What America is tasting now, is something insignificant compared to what we have tasted for scores of years. Our nation (the Islamic world) has been tasting this humiliation and this degradation for more than 80 years. Its sons are killed, its blood is shed, its sanctuaries are attacked, and no one hears and no one heeds.
When God blessed one of the groups of Islam, vanguards of Islam, they destroyed America. I pray to God to elevate their status and bless them. Millions of innocent children are being killed as I speak. They are being killed in Iraq without committing any sins and we don't hear condemnation or a fatwa from the rulers.
In these days, Israeli tanks infest Palestine - in Jenin, Ramallah, Rafah, Beit Jalla, and other places in the land of Islam, and we don't hear anyone raising his voice or moving a limb. When the sword comes down (on America), after 80 years, hypocrisy rears its ugly head. They deplore and they lament for those killers, who have abused the blood, honour, and sanctuaries of Muslims. The least that can be said about those people, is that they are debauched. They have followed injustice. They supported the butcher over the victim, the oppressor over the innocent child. May God show them His wrath and give them what they deserve.
I say that the situation is clear and obvious. After this event, after the senior officials have spoken in America, starting with the head of infidels worldwide, Bush, and those with him. They have come out in force with their men and have turned even the countries that belong to Islam to this treachery, and they want to wag their tail at God, to fight Islam, to supress people in the name of terrorism.
When people at the ends of the earth, Japan, were killed by their hundreds of thousands, young and old, it was not considered a war crime, it is something that has justification. Millions of children in Iraq, is something that has justification. But when they lose dozens of people in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam (capitals of Kenya and Tanzania, where US embassies were bombed in 1998), Iraq was struck and Afghanistan was struck. Hypocrisy stood in force behind the head of infidels worldwide, behind the cowards of this age, America and those who are with it.
These events have divided the whole world into two sides. The side of believers and the side of infidels, may God keep you away from them. Every Muslim has to rush to make his religion victorious. The winds of faith have come. The winds of change have come to eradicate oppression from the island of Muhammad, peace be upon him.
To America, I say only a few words to it and its people. I swear by God, who has elevated the skies without pillars, neither America nor the people who live in it will dream of security before we live it in Palestine, and not before all the infidel armies leave the land of Muhammad, peace by upon him. God is great, may pride be with Islam. May peace and God's mercy be upon you.
< same >
xL =broken link 2020-10-01: http://www.islamfortoday.com/taleban9.htm; Full text of the Saudi Arabian Government's statement on the breaking off of diplomatic relations with the Taleban
from: IslamForToday.com Tuesday, 25 September, 2001
Taliban have "hurt Islam and distorted the reputation of Muslims throughout the world".
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia regrets that the government of Taleban has exploited Afghanistan's special place not to build ties of fraternity, progress and construction, and not to consolidate the noble meanings represented by Islam, but to turn its territory into a centre for attracting, training and recruiting a number of misled people of all nationalities, especially from the citizens of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, to carry out criminal acts.
These acts contradict all creeds. In addition, the Taleban government continues to refuse to hand over those criminals to be brought to justice.< xL =broken link 2020-10-01: http://www.islamfortoday.com/taleban9.htm; >
Last words of a terrorist. Transl. fr. Arabic
One of the few glimpses into the minds and motives of the men who wrought the slaughter of 11 September is a four-page document, written in Arabic, found in the baggage of the suspected ringleader behind the carnage.< more
Excerpts of documents - German / deutsch
xL =broken link 2020-10-03: http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/0,1518,160036,00.html; Letzter Wille des Terrorpiloten. Transl. fr. English
"In my memory I want them to do what Ibrahim ( a prophet ) told his son to do, to die as a good Muslim. [?] "
Texts from non-Islamic sources
! xx was formerly on this site - Syed Rahmatullah Hashimi:
LECTURE: Taliban in Afghanistan
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, MARCH 10, 2001
Afghanistan is not a terrorist state; we cannot even make a needle. How are we going to be a terrorist state? How are we going to be a threat to the world?
... He said, that if all American citizens and if all British citizens are willing, or supporting, to kill all Iraqi civilians, then all American citizens and all British citizens deserve the same thing or to be killed. CNN cut everything. <
www.thenation.com - EDWARD W. SAID: The Clash of Ignorance, x L 20120705
These are tense times, but it is
better to think in terms of powerful and powerless communities, the secular
politics of reason and ignorance, and universal principles of justice and
injustice, than to wander off in search of vast abstractions that may give
momentary satisfaction but little self-knowledge or informed analysis.
Texts from non-Islamic sources
www.americanpolicy.org - Congressman Ron Paul:Keep Your Eye On The Target
Is it Patriotic to Surrender Freedom?, x L 20120705
American Policy Center, January 3, 2002
The fear I have is that our policies, along with those of Britain, the UN, and NATO since World War II, inspired and have now awakened a long-forgotten sleeping giant: Islamic fundamentalism.
(Swedish / svenska)
aftonbladet.se/vss/debatt/story Robert Fisk: "Jag hade gjort samma sak" x L 2020-10-01
Om jag vore en afghansk flykting i Kila Abdullah så skulle jag ha gjort exakt samma sak som de gjorde. Jag skulle ha attackerat Robert Fisk. Eller vilken som helst annan västerlänning som jag kunde hitta.
www.dn.se - 36 professorer och doktorer i manifest mot terrorism:, x L 20120705
"Tillåt inte USA att massbomba"
VÄSTVÄRLDENS INKONSEKVENTA TILLÄMPNING av sina egna principer har drabbat stora befolkningsgrupper i världen. Det är också i denna jordmån som fanatiker får sin näring
Jan Hjärpe: Krig är fel recept
Kampen mot terrorn är förlorad om USA och Europa enbart inriktar sig på symptomen och inte på orsakerna. För Bush gäller "vi" och "dom". Under vilka villkor lever de människor där självmordsbombare kan rekryteras? < more
USA:s hämnd - bin Ladins fälla x L 2020-10-01
Robert Fisk, journalist på den brittiska tidningen "The Independent"
Vedergällning är en fälla. I en värld vi trodde hade lärt sig att lag måste komma före hämnd, verkar George Bush vara på väg mot den katastrof som Usama bin Ladin har planerat för honom.
www.dn.se - Islam och liberalismen Av Carl Rudbeck, x L 20120705
Man vill skuldbelägga de muslimska massorna för
handlingar som antagligen har utförts av ett mycket litet antal fanatiker
som inte har något gemensamt med de hundratals miljoner människor som
bekänner sig till islam. I ett sådant läge behövs traditionell solid forskning
om vad islam egentligen står för och innebär ...
Narrated An-Nu'man bin Bashir:
I heard Allah's Apostle ﷺ saying, "Both legal and illegal things are
evident but in between them there are doubtful (suspicious) things and
most of the people have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves
himself from these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor.
And whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherd who
grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of someone else
and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (O people!) Beware! Every
king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah on the earth is His illegal
(forbidden) things. Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if
it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets
spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart."
Al-Bukhari Vol.1 no. 49
transcript CBS 60 minutes talk with four Islamic scholars
Hamza Yusuf and Siraj Wahaj, and other Muslims as guests - Sept 30, 2001
From: Islamic News and Information Network
xL =broken link 2020-10-04:http://Islamicity.com/video/ch20/CBS60Minutes.ram
Congregant: in the simplest term, Islam says that human life is the most
sacrosanct, and there is no way that Islam would allow a suicide mission,
and would allow the killing of innocents. see above: <The Pacifism of Islam>
Bradley: Imam Hamza Yusuf of California:
Yusuf: it's prohibited in Islam to torture animals. It's prohibited to kill
animals without just cause. So the idea of killing human beings, innocent
human beings, is anathema to Muslims. They're deeply shocked by it.
Bradley: while Islam forbids the killing of innocents, in this 1998
interview, bin Laden justified the U.S. Embassy bombings in Africa, saying
every American man is our enemy, whether he is a soldier or a taxpayer. As
for the women and children who died, he says women and children die every
day in Palestine. In a statement last week, bin Laden called for a jihad or
holy war in the name of Allah.
Yusuf: I would say that he has no legitimate authority, that an Islamic
Jihad can only be declared by legitimate state authority. And this is
accepted by consensus. There is no vigilantism in Islam. Muslims believe in
Bradley: you think he's a vigilante?
Yusuf: ... All Muslims are guided by the words of
Islam's holy book, the Koran, which is believed to be the word of God, and
explains how Muslims should lead their lives. It also says fighting should
only be in self-defence, a fight in the way of Allah against those who
fight against you, but be not aggressive. And the Koran forbids suicide.
They cannot bring any textual evidence from the Koran, from the traditions
of the prophet, to prove anything that justifies what they've done.
Bradley: so if the people who are followers who are responsible for this are
followers of Islam, how do they justify this?
Yusuf: there is no justification. But how do Christians have to justify
Christians who kill people at abortion clinics? Many of the terrorist
activities in this country are actually done by extremist Christian
elements, and I don't think anybody in the mainstream Christian world would
see that as anything other than a serious aberration. Unfortunately, because
of our ignorance in this country of Islam, we see these type of things, and
there is an assumption that somehow Islam condones this thing.
Bradley: and the Satan of the evil west, according to Muslim extremists, is
the United States and its culture of commercialism, which Imam Farid Esack
equates with a religion.
Esack: it is the fastest-growing religion in the world, the religion of
consumerism, and everybody is being drawn into this new religion. And if you
do not buy into this, you are an outcast, you are a heretic, and there is
the hellfire of utter poverty which awaits you.
< for complete text >
Shoe-Bomb Suspect Attended Mosque
Reid, (who had converted to Islam while serving a jail sentence), became more extreme in his views, Baker said. While the Brixton Mosque teaches "basic, mainstream orthodox" Islam, it has attracted some "extreme elements" who targeted enthusiastic converts like Reid, it was said.
Reid had belonged to an Islamic movement called Tabliq but left because he said it was "not radical enough" for him.
Related links at other sites:
• !xxx broken link! ISLAAM CONDEMNS ALL ACTS OF TERRORISM
• - expired link (before 2023-02-01) groups.colgate.edu → Scholars of Islam speak out against terrorism; clarify position of Islam
• xL =broken link 2020-10-02: http://www.cursor.org; Al-Jazeera cited at cursor.org
• www.abunimah.org - Hundreds of civilians killed in US attacks near Kandahar and Kabul, x L 20120705
• !xxx broken link! Islam - Fundamental misunderstandings about a growing faith